BUDDHA / BUDDHA STATUE
Many of us have ever seen a statue of Buddha. But who is this character. You must first know that “Buddha” is not a name (or as Alex Claude) but a title that means “one who Includes” or “This is who isAwake.” This is Siddhartha Gautama, noble born in Northern India there are more than twenty-five years, which has given this title.
Siddhartha Gautama was born in northern India, there are more than two thousand five hundred years. He belonged to the Kshatriya caste, the warriors and princes. According to tradition, his father andmother were king and queen. He married at sixteen and had a son. Despite his life of pleasure, luxury and comfort, despite the very good education and excellent training in various martial arts hereceived, despite the teaching of ancient sages on various traditions, beliefs and superstitions of his time, he did not lead a happy life as we might think, but he kept feeling a deep dissatisfaction.
As he was married and had a son, according to the tradition of his caste, he and his family have done. So he could now devote himself to his spiritual life. While he was in his thirtieth year, a full moon night, after a last look at his wife and son asleep, he slipped quietly out of the palace. He rode up to the border of the territory of Shakya. Hair and beard cut off, he left his clothes for those of a princewandering ascetic (saffron robes). In India, there were many people who taught pathways that can lead to self-realization, one of the most common at the time, was that of mortification. It is thisorientation that Siddhartha chooses. First under the authority of the masters of the time, he formed subsequently, his own group with five other disciples. he acquired a certain reputation in the practiceof asceticism practicing the most severe austerities.
He hoped that existence of self-denial and austerity give him the key to his questioning. This search for truth and continued for six years. But after leading this kind of life for six years, he had come to the conclusion that it was still far from understanding the human condition. He then understood that self-denial was, as well as the indulgence itself, an obstacle to enlightenment. He realized that thiswas not the path of truth, or the path of enlightenment. He discovered the value of the Middle Way. As well as the strings of a musical instrument should be neither too tight nor too loose to produce a sound, spiritual practice should be neither too loose nor too austere to be effective.
Siddhartha Gautama therefore decided to abandon the practice of austerities. Thinking it away from the truth, his disciples left him, one after the other. He then went into the forest, where he remained alone. He sat in the shade of a large tree, the Bodhi tree (“Bodhi” means enlightenment), and he took a great resolution: “I will not lift me from this place before being awake.” Then he went intomeditation. He developed his concentration with the practice of meditation, night after night, day after day, controlling, concentrating and purifying the mind, eliminating mental blocks.
At the night of the full moon in May, when he was sitting absorbed in the contemplation of the body and breath, he turned his mind on fundamental aspects of life. As he entered in spirit at the heart offundamental questions, he had access to knowledge, true vision and light. Enlightenment is imposed on him, full enlightenment had finally arrived. He had reached a state of clear and perfect vision,boundless benevolence to all beings, and had him removed from greed, hatred and ignorance. He had overcome the suffering in all its forms. This condition, which is the fullness of Wisdom and Compassion, allowed Siddhartha Gautama become Buddha.
Reaching enlightenment, he was in a state of absolute contentment, however, out of compassion for the suffering of the world and humans, he spent the last forty-five years of his life teaching resources– or dharma – for others realize the experience of enlightenment. During all these years the Buddha traveled around India teaching men, according to their ability to understand. Buddha taught to all those who came to him. Gradually he managed to develop the wisdom and insight of his followers until they are ready to receive its highest teaching, the Wonderful Dharma Sutra of the Lotus Flower. He became the greatest spiritual masters of India, when he died and tens of thousands of his disciples mourned his departure.
Thus Siddhartha Gautama, an Indian prince, became Buddha, the founder of a spiritual tradition Buddha, Buddhism. What we now call Buddhism, in all its various cultural forms, is none other than the legacy of teaching Siddhartha Gautama became the Buddha.
We have seen above that Buddhism had developed in its various cultural forms, so it will not be surprising difference representations of Buddha that is India, Thailand, China or Japan. Thailand Reclining Buddha, round and serious Japanese Buddha, Chinese Buddha laughing (which is not Siddhartha but Bu-dai) are examples that we encountered. Diversity is always present, whether for posture orartistic style.
You should also know that all statues called “Buddha” does not always actually represent the same character. We will return later.
Representation of Buddha in Thailand
The representation of the Buddha in human form must follow specific rules have been codified from the beginning: the physical, the shape of the clothes, the functions of its postures and gestures. On his body, at each rebirth, there are 32 major brands. 80 other secondary brands complement the whole. They reflect the state of a great man predestined to enlightenment and express his wisdom andmerits acquired in successive existences.
In Southeast Asia, Thailand, among others, the character found everywhere is called the historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama. Representation recalls its noble origin: tall, slim, regular features, long delicate hands and feet. It goes without saying that since lived and taught a life of moderation, it is the rather thin.
You can also see curly hair, cranial protuberance and ear lobes excessive. Elongation lobes are explained in two different ways the. The first refers to its origin from a noble family, he had to wear rich ornaments, rings, necklaces …. and earrings. After his change of life, he withdrew all his finery, but remained elongated ears.
Continued to follow shortly …